Friday, 23 September 2011

Babri Masjid -- Mosque Demolition: Rare Video on the Background of the Dispute

The Babri Masjid, named after the founder of the Mughal Empire, Babur, was demolished by a mob of 150,000 Hindutva fascist in 1992. Thousands of people, mainly Muslims were killed following the demolition.

This is an interesting and rare video recorded in 1991, a year before the demolition, it digs into the background of the dispute and its origins.
For more:

Documentary, 20 mins:

Liberhan Report: BJP's Nightmare, 97 mins.

Academic Articles on Hindu King's Destroying Each Others Temples and the Muslim response:

Part I: (A Must Read).

Part II: (A Must Read).

Hindu Temples Destroyed by Hindu Rulers:

1089-1101 AD: King Harsha of Kashmir of the first Lohara dynasty indulged in ruthlessly looting the treasures of the temples of Bhimasai and also systematically confiscated and defiled the metallic statues of Gods by outcasts throughout the Kashmir valley in order to obtain the valuable material. He even imposed tax on the night soil. (Ref. Kalhana, Rajataran-gini, Vol. 1, sec. 5, Motilal Banarsidas, page 113)

642 AD: Pallava king Narasimhavarman I looted the image of Ganesha from the Chalukyan capital of Vatapi (present day Badami in Belgaum dist.)

692 AD: Chalukyas invaded North India and brought back to the Deccan what would appear to be images of Ganga and Yamuna looted from defeated powers.

8th century AD: Bengali troops sought revenge on King Lalithaditya's kingdom in Kashmir by destroying what they thought was an image of Vaikunta the state deity of Kashmir kingdom.

9th century AD: Rashtrakuta king Govinda III invaded and occupied Kanchipuram which so intimidated the King of Sri Lanka that he sent Govinda (probably Buddhist) images representing the Sinhala state.

Rashtrakuta king Indira III not only destroyed the temple of Kalapriya at Kalpa near the Jamuna river, patronized by their deadly enemies, the Pratiharas, but they took special delight in recording the fact.

9th century AD: Pandyan King Srimara Srivallabha also invaded Sri Lanka and took back to his capital golden Buddha image.

Early 10th century, Pratihara King, Hermabapala, seized solid gold image of Vishnu Vaikunta when he defeated the Sahi kings of Kangra (Himachal Pradesh)

Early 11th century: Chola King, Rajendra I furnished his capital with images he seized from several prominent neighbouring kings: Durga and Ganesha images from the Chalukyas, Bhairava, Bhairavi and Kali images from the Kalingas or Orissa as Nandi image from the Eastern Chalukyans.
(Ref: David Gilmartin and Bruce B. Lawrence (ed.), Beyond Hindu and Turk, University Press of Florida, 2000.

Mosques Destruction by Hindu Rulers

In the year 1547 AD Ali Adil Shah I of the Qutub Shahi Dynasty (Golconda) asked the help of Rama Raya (Vijaynagar Emperor) to attack the Nizam Shahi's of Ahmadnagar. Following the illustrious victory, the Vijaynager army burned to ashes as many mosques and other places of importance they could find in the city of Ahmadnagar.[Ref: Tarik-i-Firishtah Vol II, pg 36 - 37]

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